PHP Variables

PHP is a popular scripting language used for web development. Variables are a key concept in PHP, as they allow developers to store and manipulate data. In this article, we will discuss PHP variables and provide code examples to illustrate their usage.

Declaring PHP Variables In PHP, variables are declared using the $ sign followed by the variable name. The variable name can contain letters, numbers, and underscores, but must start with a letter or underscore. Here is an example of declaring a variable in PHP:

$name = "John";

In this example, we declare a variable named $name and assign it the value “John”. Note that PHP is a dynamically typed language, so we do not need to specify the data type of the variable.

Variable Scope In PHP, variables have a scope that determines where they can be accessed. The scope of a variable can be local, global, or static. Local variables are only accessible within the function or block of code where they are declared. Global variables are accessible from anywhere in the script, while static variables retain their value between function calls.

Here is an example of a global variable:

$globalVar = "I am a global variable";

function testGlobal() {
    global $globalVar;
    echo $globalVar;


In this example, we declare a global variable $globalVar and define a function testGlobal() that uses the global keyword to access the variable within the function. We then call the function, which outputs the value of the global variable.

Data Types PHP supports several data types for variables, including integers, floats, strings, arrays, and objects. Here are examples of each data type:

// Integer
$num = 10;

// Float
$float = 3.14;

// String
$str = "Hello, world!";

// Array
$arr = array("red", "green", "blue");

// Object
class Person {
    public $name;
    public $age;

$person = new Person();
$person->name = "John";
$person->age = 30;

Working with Variables In PHP, variables can be manipulated in a variety of ways. Here are some examples:

// Concatenation
$name = "John";
$age = 30;
echo "My name is " . $name . " and I am " . $age . " years old.";

// Increment/decrement
$num = 10;
echo $num;

// Conditional statements
$var = 5;
if ($var > 10) {
    echo "Greater than 10";
} elseif ($var < 10) {
    echo "Less than 10";
} else {
    echo "Equal to 10";

Conclusion In this article, we discussed PHP variables and provided code examples to illustrate their usage. We covered how to declare variables, variable scope, data types, and working with variables. Variables are a fundamental concept in PHP, and mastering them is essential for any PHP developer.


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